Fillings restore damaged teeth by bringing a tooth back to its normal shape and its ability to function properly. Most of the time fillings are needed for teeth that have become damaged due to tooth decay. Closing the opening where the damage occurred in the tooth helps prevent further decay by blocking off bacteria.


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What many dental patients do not realize is there are several different types of fillings. The best fillings include porcelain, composite-resin fillings, gold filling and amalgam fillings. Amalgam fillings are comprised of an alloy made from various metals.

Different fillings are better for different situations. What is right for your teeth is different from what is right for someone else. Choosing the correct filling has a lot to do with whether or not you have allergies to metal, where the filling is needed in the mouth and your budget. Knowing the aspects of each type of filling is helpful.

Gold fillings are among the most expensive available. These fillings are made to size in a laboratory and are cemented into place by your dentist. These fillings can last over 20 years, and they are well tolerated by most all people.

Amalgam fillings are less expensive and wear well for years. However, they are darker in color due to their silver content and can be more noticeable than other types of fillings. They are not recommended for front teeth.

Composite resins are made up of plastic and can be matched to the color of your teeth. These have the most natural look. Composites are mixed together and placed into the cavity to harden. Composites wear over time and are susceptible to chipping. These are not recommended for coffee or tea drinkers or smokers as they can also stain. Composite resins last up to 10 years and need to be replaced.

Porcelain fillings or inlays and on lays are made to order in a laboratory. The porcelain fillings are then bonded to the tooth. These also can be matched to the tooth’s color. What is great about porcelain is it resists stains. These fillings are also similar in cost to gold fillings.

For more serious decay, or for fractured teeth, your dentist may recommend a cap or crown since a filling will not be enough. Any decay that has reached a nerve is treated using a root canal or through a procedure known as pulp capping.

Everyone wants that attractive smile, with white gleaming teeth. It’s easier to keep smiling while these features are present. Anytime the white of the teeth begins to fade away, you may realize the smile fading together with it. It’s not abnormal; it’s just the conscience that betrays you.

So what does it take to keep the white teeth? White teeth for most people are a natural feature and they don’t have to struggle to keep it white. For some, something needs to be done to make things beautiful. This should no longer make anyone worried as experts have come up with teeth whitening procedures that will give you exactly what you want.

Teeth whitening is not a rocket science procedure as it’s very affordable in terms of cost and simplicity. Some of the causes of discolored teeth are; effect of smoking and drinking, coffee intake, beverages that are carbonated and some are genetic. The good thing is that all these people are eligible for this whitening process. A good dentist can explain to you and help you with the process of teeth whitening.

Porcelain Veneers are aimed at improving the health and appearance of the teeth. They do this by making natural teeth that are tetracycline stained and dark yellow stained. Common Porcelain Veneers include:

Traditional Porcelain Veneers

This type of veneers requires a tooth to be reduced to a thickness of around 1mm so as to make room for the porcelain. Traditional Porcelain veneers are thicker and have the ability to hide teeth that are dark in color more than other veneers. They are a better option when the patient has buck type of teeth because it helps in having the teeth less protruded.

Bulky porcelain veneers

This type of veneer is thick and square in shape. They are heavy in appearance and have a tendency of collecting food near the gum. This is because they are over contoured and too thick. Over countering refers to unexpected emergence of bulk of tooth especially when the gum line collects and traps some food quantities. Naturally, a tooth should have a streamlined contour that enables food to easily slide off.

Dental Implants are artificial replacement of tooth roots. They are the best choice for those who have lost one teeth as a result of an accident,dental diseases or other various reasons. They provide a firm foundation for permanent teeth which are designed to match your natural teeth.

Dental implants have become popular as they are the most effective way to replace missing teeth which are designed to blend with the other teeth. Dental implants are made up of materials which are compatible with the human body. Titanium is one of them. With the advancements in the dentistry field over the past years, most people are now able to restore their self-esteem and confidence in the long run. There are two types of Dental Implants; Endosteal and Subperiosteal. Endosteal is they type of an implant done “in the bone” while Subperiosteal is done “on the bone”.

What are the Advantages of Dental Implants

Improves Self-Esteem – Dental Implants helps you feel better about yourself, considering that your teeth are highly visible to everyone.

Durability – With proper maintenance and good health, dental implants can last for very many years.

Improves Appearance – Since they look exactly like the your original teeth, they make you feel much attractive compared to when you had a missing tooth.

Improves Convenience and Comfort – They are easy to use, permanent and do not cause embarrassments like with the removable dentures.

Improves eating, oral heath and overall body confidence.

What are the Success rates of Dental Implants?

This is one question that many patients are eager to know. Success of the implant mainly depends on where the implant is placed on the jaw. However, this should not make you panic as most of the implants have a success rate of approximately 98%. Furthermore, proper care and maintenance can make them last longer.

What is the care needed after the Dental Implant?

Dental implants require the same good care and maintenance as they are exactly the same as your natural teeth. Keep them clean by brushing and flossing. Regular check-ups by a dentist are important so as to ensure good health and longevity of the implants.

Dental filling is the common technique used when it comes to treating a cavity. Essential it involves removing the decayed tooth and replacing it with a “fill” in the area where the tooth used to be. Dental filling can also be used to repair broken or otherwise cracked teeth.The first step, a dentist will do before undertaking the filling procedure, is it numb the area around the tooth with anesthetic. A drill or laser or an air abrasion instrument is used to pull the decayed tooth from the area. The type of instrument to use is a matter of choice by dentist. The area will then be examined to ascertain that all the decay has been extracted from the area.

The area is then cleaned in preparation if the filling. If it happens that the decay has occurred near the root of the tooth, the dentist will apply a thin linear of glass ionomer or another lining to protect the nerve. Finally, the filling is placed on the area. Generally, the dentist will polish the filling after placement. For tooth-colored fillings, few more steps are required. After cleaning the decayed area, the dentist will apply the tooth-colored material in layers. A special light is used to harden the multilayers. The dentist will then shape the material to the desired shape and finally polish it to full restoration.

A dental crown is a tooth-shaped cap that is fitted over and replaces the entire part of a rotten tooth above the gum line. It is a procedure that is done in order to restore the size and shape of the tooth, increase its strength, as well as improving its appearance. A dental crown, when cemented into place, encases the entire visible part of the tooth above the gum line.

Why a Dental Crown is Essential?

Dental crowns may be necessary in the following situations:

-To protect a weak tooth as a result of decay, or any other reason, from breaking.

- To hold together parts of a tooth that is cracked.

- To restore a broken tooth or one that is severely worn down.

- To cover as well as support a tooth with a large filling when the tooth is excessively worn down.

-To hold a dental bridge in place.

- To cover any misshapen or severely discolored tooth.

- To cover a dental implant.

- For a cosmetic modification.

-To save a tooth in a child that has been excessively damaged by decay such that it cannot support a filling.

- To protect the teeth of children from the risk of tooth decay especially where good oral hygiene is not practiced.

Types of Dental Crowns

The following are the types of crown dental that are commonly used:

-Stainless steel: These are prefabricated crowns that are used temporarily on permanent teeth.

-Metal: Dental crows are made from such metals as gold alloy, a base-metal alloy such as chromium, or other alloys like palladium.

- Porcelain –fused-to-metal: This type of dental crowns can be color matched to your other teeth unlike metallic dental crowns.

-All – resin: This type of dental crowns is the least expensive among all dental crowns.

- Porcelain or Ceramic: This type of dental crowns provides better natural color match of all types of crowns. They are good for people with metal allergies.

All these types of dental crowns have their respective advantages as well as disadvantages.

Steps for preparing a tooth for a dental crown

You need to pay two visits to your dentist in order to have your tooth ready for a dental crown. They are as follows:

-During the first visit the dentist will examine and then prepare your tooth for a dental crown.

-The second one involves the placement of the dental crown.

Dental care is a subject that should be taken with the seriousness it deserves. Teeth are a crucial part of a human being. They help while eating and talking hence the need to take care of them. Poor dental care leads to diseases such as dental caries, foul smell, bleeding gums and sensitive teeth.

Brushing teeth, flossing, using a mouthwash and regular visits to the dentist should be top on mind when it comes to dental care. It is advisable to have dental check-ups at least twice a year. This helps a dentist identify a problem and treat it before it gets worse. Dentists encourage brushing teeth for at least three minutes and after every meal. While this might not be possible because of our dailys activities, flossing is recommended. Use a toothpaste containing fluoride and a soft toothbrush. A mouthwash is also a quick fix as it kills gum infecting bacteria instantly. Good dental care improves a persons self image and boosts their self esteem.

Smile is one of the most endearing features of a face and missing teeth can negatively impact the good looks of a person along with causing inconvenience while performing basic functions like eating, talking or laughing. Lack of teeth can cause issues like misplaced teeth and bite, periodontal disorders, issues with gum, speech problem, bad breath and tooth decay. Modern dentistry has advanced rapidly in recent times with apparatus like dental bridges which are used to bridge the gap formed due to missing teeth. The dental bridges consist of crowns on both sides of the gap and a duplicate tooth inserted in between the bordering teeth. The duplicate teeth are referred as pontics and it can be made of porcelain, alloys, gold or a union of these materials. Due to aesthetic reasons, porcelain pontics is always preferred. Implants can also be used in place of crowns to support the dental bridges. But dentists ensure that the patient has a strong bone as implants are placed inside the jawbone.

A dentist will first examine the patient’s missing tooth along with the abutting teeth. Based on the impressions of the teeth, the crowns and bridges are manufactured. The abutment teeth are tinkered by removing a part of enamel and replacing them with crowns on either side of the missing tooth. Once the crowns are fixed, the dental bridge is carefully cemented between the abutment teeth. Multiple visits are required to ensure proper and permanent cementing of bridges.

There are broadly three types of bridges classified into traditional, Cantilever and Maryland bonded bridges. While traditional bridges use porcelain pontics and crowns or implants on either side of missing tooth, Cantilever bridges are rarely used when adjoining teeth are present only on one side and Maryland bonded bridges are popular for cosmetic reasons and they are made of porcelain or plastic teeth. These bridges are bonded using resin to existing teeth using porcelain or metal wings.

Dental bridges are a permanent solution to missing tooth and are rarely detected by outsiders as false teeth. Regular dental checkup along with healthy oral habits are recommended to ensure great smile and bite.

October 2015
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